Construction industry as a traditional industry, the difficulty of its reform, can be considered a "hard bones", 2017 government work report in a rare direct "to promote the reform and development of the construction industry," the State Council knife construction reform, which is issued by the construction industry reform The strongest sound.
The Fifth Session of the 12th National People is Congress (NPC) was held at 9 am in the Great Hall of the People to hear and consider the report of the Premier of the State Council, Li Keqiang, on the work of the government. The report reviewed the achievements made in the 13th Five-Year Plan period and deployed 2017 Years of nine major tasks.
The government work report put forward: in the premise of stability to be courageous and enterprising, in-depth reform, speed up structural adjustment, dare to chew "hard bones", and strive to make new progress in key areas.
Construction industry as a traditional industry, the difficulty of its reform, can be considered a "hard bones", 2017 government work report in a rare direct "to promote the reform and development of the construction industry," the State Council knife construction reform, which is issued by the construction industry reform The strongest tone, which will also mean that the development will enter the fast lane.
To clarify the direction of reform and development of the construction industry, the construction enterprises to choose their own development path, is of great significance. What is the direction of the specific reform and development of the construction industry?
On February 21, 2021, the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Promoting the Sustainable and Healthy Development of the Construction Industry clarified the focus of the twenty reform and development.
Optimize Qualification Management.
To further simplify the engineering construction enterprise qualification category and grade set, to reduce the unnecessary qualification. Select some areas to carry out the pilot, the credit is good, with relevant professional and technical ability to provide full guarantee of the enterprise, in its qualification category to relax the scope of the contract business scope, at the same time, to speed up the improvement of credit system, project guarantees and personal qualification Supporting the system, to strengthen the matter after the supervision. Strengthen the qualification management of individual practice, clarify the rights, obligations and responsibilities of registered practitioners, and increase the practicing responsibility. Orderly development of individual practice firm, to promote the establishment of personal practice insurance system. Vigorously promote the "Internet + government services", the implementation of "one-stop" online approval, and further improve the efficiency of the administrative examination and approval of the construction sector.
Summary: Industry regulatory development direction from the "re-business qualification" to "credit system, project guarantee for the market base, strengthen the practice of individual qualification management" direction.
Improve the tender system.
Speed up the revision of the "project construction project tender scope and scale standards", narrow and strictly define the scope of the project must be tender, relax the relevant scale standards to prevent the construction project bidding "one size fits all". In the private investment in housing construction projects, to explore by the construction unit to decide their own way of contracting. Will be required to tender the project construction projects into a unified public resources trading platform, follow the principles of fairness, justice, openness and integrity, standard bidding behavior. To further simplify the bidding process, as soon as possible to achieve the whole process of bidding and bidding electronic, the implementation of online evaluation of different places. In accordance with the law through a competitive negotiation or a single source to determine the supplier is government procurement project construction projects, in line with the corresponding conditions should be issued construction permits.
Summary: increase the autonomy of enterprise bidding, to achieve the whole process of bidding and bidding electronic, the implementation of online evaluation of different places.
Speed up the implementation of general contracting.
In principle, the general construction contracting mode should be adopted. Government investment projects should improve the construction management model, take the lead in the implementation of general contracting. Accelerate the improvement of the project general contract related to the tender, construction permits, completion and acceptance system requirements. In accordance with the principle of total contract responsibility, the implementation of the general contractor in the project quality and safety, progress control, cost management and other aspects of responsibility. In addition to the form of temporary valuation, including the project in the general contractor and must be subject to the tender of the project, the project general contractor can directly contract the general contract in the contract covered by other professional business.
Summary: "construction general contract" to "project general contract" development is an inevitable choice.
Cultivate the whole process of engineering consulting.
Encourage investment consulting, investigation, design, supervision, bidding agency, cost and other enterprises to take joint management, mergers and acquisitions, etc. to develop the whole process of engineering consulting, cultivate a number of international level of the whole process of engineering consulting business. The development of the whole process of engineering consulting services technical standards and contract templates. Government investment projects should take the lead in the implementation of the whole process of engineering consulting, to encourage non-governmental investment projects commissioned the whole process of engineering consulting services. In the civil construction projects, give full play to the leading role of the architect, to encourage the provision of the whole process of engineering consulting services.
Summary: At present, "investment, survey, design, supervision, tender agent, cost" unilateral consultation will be "the whole process of engineering consulting" direction change, consultation is "general contract."
Strict implementation of the project quality responsibility.
The full implementation of the main body of the project quality responsibility, in particular, to strengthen the construction unit of the primary responsibility and investigation, design, construction unit of the main responsibility. Strict implementation of the project quality of life responsibility system, in the obvious parts of the building set up permanent signs, publicity and quality of the main responsibility and the main responsibility. In violation of the relevant provisions, resulting in project quality accidents, according to the law to allow the unit to suspend business for rectification, reduce the qualification level, revoke the qualification certificate and other administrative penalties and through the state enterprise credit information publicity system to be public, to register practitioners suspended practice, revocation qualification certificate, A certain time until the life may not enter the industry and other penalties. The occurrence of project quality accidents caused by the loss, according to the law to pursue economic liability, the circumstances are serious to hold the relevant units and personnel legal responsibility. Participating in the construction of real estate development enterprises should be legally qualified to improve the quality of housing.
Summary: Clearly to "strengthen the primary responsibility of construction units and survey, design, construction unit of the main responsibility." For the construction enterprises, the occurrence of project quality accidents, enterprises will be closed down to reduce the qualification level, revise the qualification certificate, personal Will be suspended practice, revocation of the qualification certificate, a certain time until the life may not enter the industry and other penalties.
Strengthen safety management.
The full implementation of safety production responsibility to strengthen the construction site safety protection, in particular, to strengthen the deep foundation pit, high support model, lifting machinery and other dangerous part of the management of sub-projects, as well as bad geological areas of major projects risk Assessment or demonstration. Promote the deep integration of information technology and safe production, speed up the construction of construction safety supervision information system, through information technology to strengthen safety management. Establish a sound full coverage, multi-level, regular safety production training system to enhance the safety of employees and the nature of the parties to the level of security.
Summary: deep foundation pit, high support mold, lifting machinery and other dangerous part of the sub-project management is the focus.
Improve the overall level of supervision.
Improve the project quality and safety laws and regulations and management system, improve the enterprise responsible, government supervision, social supervision of the project quality and safety protection system. Strengthen the supervision of the government on the quality of the project, clear the scope of supervision, the implementation of regulatory responsibility, increase the intensity of sampling, focusing on strengthening the public safety of the engineering foundation, the main structure and other parts of the acceptance and other aspects of supervision and inspection. Strengthen the construction of quality supervision team, supervision agencies to fulfill the functions required by the same level of financial budget at the same level of protection. The Government may take the way to purchase services, commissioned by the conditions of social forces to carry out engineering quality supervision and inspection. Promote the standardization of project quality and safety management, and urge the parties to improve the quality and safety control mechanism. Strengthen the supervision of the project supervision, select some areas to carry out the supervision unit to the government report quality supervision of the pilot. Strengthen the management of project quality inspection agencies, crack down on false reports and other acts. Promote the development of project quality insurance.
Summary: on the public safety of the engineering foundation, the main structure and other parts of the acceptance and other aspects of the supervision and inspection is the most important.
Establish a unified open market.
To break the barriers of regional market access, the abolition of the various regions and industries in the laws, administrative regulations and the provisions of the State Council outside the construction enterprises set up unreasonable access conditions; is strictly prohibited to set up or disguised the establishment of approval, filing, for the construction industry Fair market environment. Improve the national construction market supervision of public service platform to speed up the realization of the national credit information sharing platform and the national enterprise credit information publicity system data sharing exchange. The establishment of the construction market, the main blacklist system, according to the law in full accordance with public corporate and personal credit records, to accept social supervision.
Summary: This is a very hard bones, because the reasons for local protectionism, and only the State Department personally caught, it may be a result.
From:mobile concrete batching plant